Bibliography Et Al Apa Citation

If you are citing a source that has multiple authors, follow these basic steps.

2 Authors:

Always cite both authors' names in-text everytime you reference them. Example: Johnson and Smith (2009) found...

3-5 Authors:

Provide all the authors' last names when you first refer to a document with 3-5 authors. Only list the first author with the Latin abbreviation "et al." for any subsequent references.


   Jones, Chavez, Jackson, and Chen (2010) duplicated...

   Jones et al. (2010) further described...

6 or More Authors:

If a document has six or more authors, simply provide the last name of the first author with "et al." from the first citation to the last.


   Thomas et al. (2007) likened abnormal psychology to...

   ... distractions (Thomas et al., 2007).

Important Note: If you have two or more documents that look the same when shortened, please follow the guidelines set out in the Authors and Dates Matching section.

APA Manual p.175, Section 6.12

General Format 


      In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 

      (Author Surname, Author Surname, & Author Surname, Year)


      NOTE: Although the first in-text citation for a work with three to five authors/editors

      includes all of the names of the authors/editors, subsequent citations include

      only the first author's/editor's surname, followed by et al. and the year.


      In-Text Citation (Direct Quote):

      (Author Surname, Author Surname, & Author Surname, Year, page number)



      Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial., Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial., & Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (Year). Book title: Subtitle. Place of Publication: Publisher.

      In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 

      (Johnson, Roberts, & Worell, 1999)


      NOTE: A subsequent citation would appear as (Johnson et al., 1999)


      In-Text Citation (Direct Quote):

      (Johnson, Roberts, & Worell, 1999, p. 72)



      Johnson, N. G., Roberts, M. C., & Worell, J. (Eds.). (1999). Beyond appearance: A new look at adolescent girls. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

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